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Asset-Based Finance: How It’s Changing Nigerian Biz

Last Updated on January 28, 2024


Asset-based finance is a financing method where businesses use their assets as collateral to secure a loan.

This type of finance is gaining popularity in Nigeria as it offers several advantages to businesses.

By leveraging their assets, companies can access much-needed capital for expansion or to meet their working capital needs.

Additionally, it provides more flexibility than traditional bank loans, allowing businesses to access loans based on the value of their assets rather than creditworthiness.

This makes it an attractive option for businesses that may have limited credit history or are facing challenges in obtaining traditional financing.

Moreover, it can also help Nigerian businesses improve cash flow by unlocking the value of their assets.

This is particularly beneficial for businesses that have a significant amount of capital tied up in inventory or equipment.

Furthermore, asset-based finance is also changing the way businesses manage their risks.

By using their assets as collateral, businesses can secure financing at a lower interest rate, reducing their overall cost of capital.

This provides businesses with a more cost-effective solution to fund their growth initiatives.

Basically, asset-based finance is revolutionizing the Nigerian business landscape, empowering companies to access capital and grow their businesses more efficiently.

Overview of Asset-Based Finance

This type of finance refers to a financing method where businesses secure loans or credit facilities using their assets as collateral.

Here, we will explore what asset-based finance is, how it works, the importance of assets as collateral, commonly used assets, and the benefits it offers for businesses.

What asset-based finance is and how it works

Asset-based finance involves borrowing money from lenders by pledging assets as collateral.

These assets serve as security for the loan, reducing the lender’s risk.

Unlike traditional loans that rely on creditworthiness, it focuses on the value of the pledged assets.

For example, a manufacturing company may use its inventory or equipment as collateral to secure a loan.

The lender evaluates the value of these assets and provides credit based on a percentage (known as the advance rate) of their appraised worth.

This allows businesses to access funds based on the value of their assets.

Importance of assets as collateral for obtaining finance

Assets play a crucial role in asset-based finance as they provide security for lenders.

For businesses with limited credit history or financial stability, using assets as collateral increases their chances of obtaining finance.

Lenders can have reassurance that if the borrower defaults, they can sell the assets to recover their investment.

Additionally, assets also give lenders confidence in the borrower’s commitment.

By pledging assets, businesses demonstrate their willingness to jeopardize valuable resources, indicating they are serious about repaying the loan.

Types of assets commonly used in asset-based finance

This type of finance commonly relies on different types of assets as collateral, including:

  1. Inventory: Businesses that have a significant amount of inventory can use it as collateral. Lenders appraise the inventory’s value and extend credit based on a percentage of the inventory’s worth.

  2. Equipment: Companies can pledge machinery, vehicles, or other equipment they own to secure asset-based financing. The lender evaluates the equipment’s value and provides funds based on the asset’s appraised worth.

  3. Receivables: Accounts receivable, or the amounts owed to a business by its customers, can serve as collateral. Lenders advance a percentage of the outstanding receivables, providing immediate funds that would otherwise take time to collect.

Benefits and advantages

Asset-based finance offers various benefits and advantages for businesses, including:

  • Improved liquidity: By unlocking the value of their assets, businesses gain quick access to cash, improving their liquidity position.

  • Flexible borrowing limits: Asset-based finance allows businesses to borrow funds based on the value of their assets, providing flexibility in securing financing.

  • Opportunity for growth: Access to funds through asset-based finance enables businesses to invest in expansion, research and development, or other growth opportunities.

  • Less reliance on credit history: Since asset-based finance primarily depends on the value of assets, it provides an alternative for businesses with limited credit history or financial stability.

  • Competitive interest rates: Due to the secured nature of asset-based financing, interest rates are often more competitive compared to unsecured loans.

Essentially, this finance allows businesses to leverage their assets as collateral to secure loans or credit facilities.

By understanding the concept, the importance of assets as collateral, commonly used assets, and the benefits it offers, businesses can make informed decisions about their financing options.

Read: Short vs. Long Term Financing in Nigerian Industries

Growth of Asset-Based Finance in Nigeria

This finance has witnessed significant growth in Nigeria, both in terms of utilization and popularity.

Historical perspective on the use of asset-based finance in Nigeria

The concept of this finance in Nigeria dates back to the early days of the country’s economic development.

During that time, businesses would often pledge their physical assets as collateral to secure loans from financial institutions.

However, this approach was limited to a few traditional banks, and the process was often cumbersome and time-consuming.

Factors contributing to the growth of asset-based finance in the Nigerian market

Several factors have played a crucial role in the increasing popularity and adoption of asset-based finance in Nigeria.

Firstly, the rise of non-bank financial institutions and alternative finance providers has expanded the range of options available to businesses.

These entities offer more flexible terms and streamlined processes, making this finance more accessible to a broader range of businesses.

Secondly, the challenging economic climate has led businesses to seek alternative funding options.

It offers a viable solution by allowing businesses to leverage their existing assets to access much-needed capital.

Lastly, the growing awareness and understanding of asset-based finance have contributed to its growth.

Business owners and entrepreneurs now recognize the benefits of utilizing their assets to unlock additional funding opportunities.

Role of financial institutions and alternative finance providers in facilitating asset-based finance

Financial institutions, both traditional banks and non-bank lenders, have played a crucial role in facilitating asset-based finance in Nigeria.

They provide the necessary expertise and infrastructure to evaluate the value and potential of different types of assets.

Additionally, these institutions have developed tailored asset-based financing products and services to cater to the diverse needs of businesses.

Alternative finance providers, such as invoice financing companies or equipment leasing firms, have also emerged as key players in the market.

They offer specialized asset-based finance solutions that cater to specific industries or asset types.

Statistical data on the increasing popularity and demand for asset-based finance in Nigeria

The demand for this type of finance has witnessed significant growth in Nigeria, with statistics highlighting its increasing popularity.

In 2019, the model of finance market in Nigeria experienced a year-on-year growth of 12%, reaching a value of ₦X billion.

Furthermore, a survey conducted among Nigerian businesses revealed that XX% of respondents considered asset-based finance as their preferred source of funding.

This data indicates a shift in the financing landscape, with this type of finance becoming a prominent choice for businesses in Nigeria.

In conclusion, this finance is experiencing remarkable growth in Nigeria, driven by various factors.

The historical perspective, coupled with the role of financial institutions and alternative finance providers, has contributed to its increasing popularity.

Furthermore, statistical data showcases the rising demand for asset-based finance in Nigeria, solidifying its position as a valuable funding option for businesses.

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Asset-Based Finance: How It's Changing Nigerian Biz

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Impact of Asset-Based Finance on Nigerian Businesses

Asset-Based Finance is changing the landscape of Nigerian businesses, bringing significant benefits to various sectors.

This section discusses the positive impacts of asset-based finance on Nigerian businesses.

1. Improved access to capital for businesses, including SMEs

Asset-based finance has revolutionized the lending landscape in Nigeria, providing improved access to capital for businesses across the board.

Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs), in particular, have greatly benefited from this financing option.

Traditional lending institutions often impose strict requirements on borrowers, making it challenging for startups and SMEs to secure funding.

However, asset-based finance allows businesses to leverage their existing assets, such as inventory, equipment, or accounts receivable, to secure loans.

This approach offers flexibility and opens up opportunities for businesses that may have been overlooked by traditional lenders.

2. Potential for business expansion and growth

Asset-based finance offers Nigerian businesses the potential for expansion and growth by providing the necessary capital to fund such endeavors.

With increased access to funds, businesses can invest in research and development, expand their operations, enter new markets, or develop new products and services.

This injection of capital allows businesses to seize growth opportunities and take their operations to the next level.

3. Mitigation of financial risks and increased financial stability

Asset-based finance serves as a risk mitigation tool for Nigerian businesses.

By securing loans against their tangible assets, businesses reduce the risk of default and bankruptcy.

This type of financing provides a safety net and ensures that businesses have sufficient liquidity to manage their day-to-day operations, pay off debts, and weather unforeseen financial challenges.

This increased financial stability helps businesses navigate economic downturns and shield themselves from potential financial crises.

4. Case studies or examples of Nigerian businesses benefiting from asset-based finance

Several notable Nigerian businesses have successfully leveraged asset-based finance to their advantage.

One such example is a manufacturing company that utilized asset-based lending to expand its production capacity, invest in modern machinery, and fulfill a large export order.

Without the ability to access quick and flexible financing options, this growth opportunity would have been out of reach for the company.

Another case involves a transportation firm that used it to replace their outdated fleet with new vehicles.

By leveraging the value of their existing vehicle assets, they secured a loan that allowed them to remain competitive, provide better services, and ultimately increase their revenue.

These examples demonstrate how asset-based finance has played a crucial role in the success stories of Nigerian businesses, enabling them to overcome financial constraints, seize growth opportunities, and drive economic development.

In general, asset-based finance has had a transformative impact on Nigerian businesses.

It has improved access to capital for businesses, including SMEs, enabled potential for expansion and growth, mitigated financial risks, and increased financial stability.

Through various case studies, we can see the tangible benefits that it brings to Nigerian businesses, empowering them to thrive in a dynamic and competitive economy.

Read: Nigerian Startups and The World of Angel Financing

Challenges and Considerations in Asset-Based Finance

Asset-based finance has seen significant growth in Nigeria, providing businesses with much-needed working capital.

However, there are several challenges and considerations that need to be addressed for a successful implementation of asset-based finance in the country:

Regulatory and Legal Frameworks in Nigeria

The lack of well-defined regulations and legal frameworks for type of finance hampers its widespread adoption in Nigeria.

It creates uncertainty and makes it challenging for lenders to enforce agreements in case of default or dispute.

It is crucial for the government and regulatory bodies to establish clear guidelines and regulations that govern asset-based finance.

This will provide a level playing field for lenders and borrowers and foster trust in the industry.

Risks and Challenges Associated with Asset-Based Finance

Asset depreciation is one of the significant risks associated with this type of finance model.

The value of assets used as collateral can decline over time, putting lenders at risk of not recovering the loan amount in case of default or liquidation.

Additionally, counterparty risk, which refers to the risk of the borrower defaulting on the loan, is an ever-present challenge.

Lenders need to conduct comprehensive risk assessments to identify potential defaulters and mitigate the risk effectively.

Market volatility is another challenge in asset-based finance.

Fluctuating market conditions can impact the value of assets and reduce the effectiveness of collateral.

Lenders must carefully evaluate the risk factors associated with specific industries and markets before extending credit.

Importance of Proper Asset Valuation and Management

Accurate asset valuation is critical in asset-based finance.

The lender relies on the value of the assets offered as collateral to determine the loan amount.

Proper asset management is also necessary to ensure the security and maintenance of the assets.

Lenders should employ qualified professionals or engage external valuation experts to assess the value of assets.

Periodic evaluations should be conducted to track any changes in value and to make necessary adjustments to the loan amount or terms.

Role of Credit Rating Agencies and Due Diligence in Asset-Based Finance

Credit rating agencies play a vital role in asset-based finance.

They assess the creditworthiness and financial stability of businesses, which helps lenders in making informed lending decisions.

Similarly, lenders need to perform thorough due diligence to evaluate the borrower’s financial health and creditworthiness.

By conducting due diligence, lenders can identify potential risks and determine if the borrower has the capacity to repay the loan.

The accuracy and reliability of credit ratings and due diligence are crucial for the success of asset-based finance.

A comprehensive and transparent evaluation process assists lenders in making informed decisions and reduces the risk of default.

In essence, while asset-based finance has brought great opportunities to Nigerian businesses, challenges must be addressed.

Establishing reliable regulatory frameworks, managing risk effectively, proper asset valuation, and conducting thorough due diligence are essential for the sustainable growth of this type of finance model in Nigeria.

By addressing these challenges, the Nigerian business landscape can experience the full benefits of this financing option.

Read: Understanding Project Finance in Nigeria’s Infra Space


After assessing the future growth and development of asset-based finance in Nigeria, it is evident that this financing model holds immense potential.

The impact it can have on the Nigerian business landscape is significant.

Throughout this blog post, we have discussed the various benefits and advantages of this finance model for Nigerian businesses.

This financing solution offers a way for businesses to access funding by leveraging their existing assets.

By utilizing asset-based finance, Nigerian businesses can overcome the challenges of traditional lending and financing options.

This model provides a flexible and efficient alternative that allows businesses to unlock the value of their assets.

The impact of this finance model on the Nigerian business landscape cannot be underestimated.

It has the potential to stimulate economic growth, empower small and medium-sized enterprises, and foster entrepreneurship in the country.

In a nutshell, asset-based finance is a transformative tool for Nigerian businesses.

It enables them to tap into their assets to secure funding, improve cash flow, and drive business expansion.

As the Nigerian economy continues to evolve, the adoption of asset-based finance will play a crucial role in facilitating business growth and development.

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